The internet of Things (Io
T) describes the network of physical objects—“things”—that are embedded with sensors, software, & other technologies for the purpose of connecting & exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet. These devices range from ordinary household objects to lớn sophisticated industrial tools. With more than 7 billion connected Io
T devices today, experts are expecting this number lớn grow to 10 billion by 2020 & 22 billion by 2025. Oracle has a network of device partners.

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T intelligent applications

Why is mạng internet of Things (Io
T) so important?

Over the past few years, Io
T has become one of the most important technologies of the 21st century. Now that we can connect everyday objects—kitchen appliances, cars, thermostats, baby monitors—to the internet via embedded devices, seamless communication is possible between people, processes, & things.

By means of low-cost computing, the cloud, big data, analytics, và mobile technologies, physical things can share và collect data with minimal human intervention. In this hyperconnected world, digital systems can record, monitor, and adjust each interaction between connected things. The physical world meets the digital world—and they cooperate.

What technologies have made Io
T possible?

While the idea of Io
T has been in existence for a long time, a collection of recent advances in a number of different technologies has made it practical.

Access lớn low-cost, low-power sensor technology. Affordable and reliable sensors are making Io
T technology possible for more manufacturers.Connectivity. A host of network protocols for the mạng internet has made it easy lớn connect sensors to lớn the cloud & to other “things” for efficient data transfer.Cloud computing platforms. The increase in the availability of cloud platforms enables both businesses & consumers to access the infrastructure they need khổng lồ scale up without actually having to manage it all.Machine learning and analytics. With advances in machine learning and analytics, along with access khổng lồ varied và vast amounts of data stored in the cloud, businesses can gather insights faster and more easily. The emergence of these allied technologies continues lớn push the boundaries of Io
T và the data produced by Io
T also feeds these technologies.Conversational artificial intelligence (AI). Advances in neural networks have brought natural-language processing (NLP) khổng lồ Io
T devices (such as digital personal assistants Alexa, Cortana, and Siri) and made them appealing, affordable, and viable for trang chủ use.

What is industrial Io

Industrial Io
T (IIo
T) refers to the application of Io
T công nghệ in industrial settings, especially with respect khổng lồ instrumentation and control of sensors and devices that engage cloud technologies. Refer lớn this
Titan use case PDF for a good example of IIo
T. Recently, industries have used machine-to-machine communication (M2M) to lớn achieve wireless automation and control. But with the emergence of cloud and allied technologies (such as analytics and machine learning), industries can achieve a new automation layer and with it create new revenue & business models. IIo
T is sometimes called the fourth wave of the industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0. The following are some common uses for IIo

Connected assets & preventive and predictive maintenance
Smart power nguồn grids
Smart cities
Smart digital supply chains

Unlock business value with Io

As Io
T becomes more widespread in the marketplace, companies are capitalizing on the tremendous business value it can offer. These benefits include:

Deriving data-driven insights from Io
T data to lớn help better manage the business
Increasing productivity và efficiency of business operations
Creating new business models & revenue streams
Easily & seamlessly connecting the physical business world to the digital world to lớn drive quick time khổng lồ value

What are Io
T applications?

Business-ready, Saa
S Io
T Applications

T Intelligent Applications are prebuilt software-as-a-service (Saa
S) applications that can analyze và present captured Io
T sensor data lớn business users via dashboards. We have a full set of Io
T Intelligent Applications.

T applications use machine learning algorithms to lớn analyze massive amounts of connected sensor data in the cloud. Using real-time Io
T dashboards và alerts, you gain visibility into key performance indicators, statistics for mean time between failures, và other information. Machine learning–based algorithms can identify equipment anomalies and send alerts to lớn users & even trigger automated fixes or proactive counter measures.

With cloud-based Io
T applications, business users can quickly enhance existing processes for supply chains, customer service, human resources, and financial services. There’s no need to lớn recreate entire business processes.

What are some ways Io
T applications are deployed?

The ability of Io
T to provide sensor information as well as enable device-to-device communication is driving a broad phối of applications. The following are some of the most popular applications and what they do.

Create new efficiencies in manufacturing through machine monitoring và product-quality monitoring.

Machines can be continuously monitored & analyzed to lớn make sure they are performing within required tolerances. Products can also be monitored in real time to identify & address quality defects.

Improve the tracking & “ring-fencing” of physical assets.

Tracking enables businesses khổng lồ quickly determine asset location. Ring-fencing allows them khổng lồ make sure that high-value assets are protected from theft & removal.

Use wearables khổng lồ monitor human health analytics và environmental conditions.

T wearables enable people lớn better understand their own health and allow physicians to remotely monitor patients. This technology also enables companies khổng lồ track the health and safety of their employees, which is especially useful for workers employed in hazardous conditions.

Drive efficiencies and new possibilities in existing processes.

One example of this is the use of Io
T to increase efficiency & safety in connected logistics for fleet management. Companies can use Io
T fleet monitoring khổng lồ direct trucks, in real time, to improve efficiency.

Enable business process changes.

An example of this is the use of Io
T devices for connected assets khổng lồ monitor the health of remote machines and trigger service calls for preventive maintenance. The ability khổng lồ remotely monitor machines is also enabling new product-as-a-service business models, where customers no longer need to lớn buy a sản phẩm but instead pay for its usage.


What industries can benefit from Io

Organizations best suited for Io
T are those that would benefit from using sensor devices in their business processes.


Manufacturers can gain a competitive advantage by using production-line monitoring to enable proactive maintenance on equipment when sensors detect an impending failure. Sensors can actually measure when production output is compromised. With the help of sensor alerts, manufacturers can quickly check equipment for accuracy or remove it from production until it is repaired. This allows companies to lớn reduce operating costs, get better uptime, and improve asset performance management.


The automotive industry stands to lớn realize significant advantages from the use of Io
T applications. In addition to the benefits of applying Io
T to lớn production lines, sensors can detect impending equipment failure in vehicles already on the road & can alert the driver with details and recommendations. Thanks lớn aggregated information gathered by Io
T-based applications, automotive manufacturers và suppliers can learn more about how khổng lồ keep cars running and car owners informed.

Transportation & Logistics

Transportation and logistical systems benefit from a variety of Io
T applications. Fleets of cars, trucks, ships, and trains that carry inventory can be rerouted based on weather conditions, vehicle availability, or driver availability, thanks khổng lồ Io
T sensor data. The inventory itself could also be equipped with sensors for track-and-trace and temperature-control monitoring. The food and beverage, flower, & pharmaceutical industries often carry temperature-sensitive inventory that would benefit greatly from Io
T monitoring applications that send alerts when temperatures rise or fall lớn a level that threatens the product.


T applications allow retail companies khổng lồ manage inventory, improve customer experience, optimize supply chain, và reduce operational costs. For example, smart shelves fitted with weight sensors can collect RFID-based information & send the data to lớn the Io
T platform to lớn automatically monitor inventory and trigger alerts if items are running low. Beacons can push targeted offers và promotions khổng lồ customers khổng lồ provide an engaging experience.

Public Sector

The benefits of Io
T in the public sector & other service-related environments are similarly wide-ranging. For example, government-owned utilities can use Io
T-based applications to lớn notify their users of mass outages và even of smaller interruptions of water, power, or sewer services. Io
T applications can collect data concerning the scope of an outage and deploy resources lớn help utilities recover from outages with greater speed.


T asset monitoring provides multiple benefits khổng lồ the healthcare industry. Doctors, nurses, & orderlies often need khổng lồ know the exact location of patient-assistance assets such as wheelchairs. When a hospital’s wheelchairs are equipped with Io
T sensors, they can be tracked from the Io
T asset-monitoring application so that anyone looking for one can quickly find the nearest available wheelchair. Many hospital assets can be tracked this way to ensure proper usage as well as financial accounting for the physical assets in each department.

General Safety Across All Industries

In addition to lớn tracking physical assets, Io
T can be used lớn improve worker safety. Employees in hazardous environments such as mines, oil & gas fields, and chemical and power plants, for example, need khổng lồ know about the occurrence of a hazardous sự kiện that might affect them. When they are connected khổng lồ Io
T sensor–based applications, they can be notified of accidents or rescued from them as swiftly as possible. Io
T applications are also used for wearables that can monitor human health and environmental conditions. Not only vì chưng these types of applications help people better understand their own health, they also permit physicians to lớn monitor patients remotely.


How is Io
T changing the world? Take a look at connected cars.

T is reinventing the automobile by enabling connected cars. With Io
T, car owners can operate their cars remotely—by, for example, preheating the oto before the driver gets in it or by remotely summoning a car by phone. Given Io
T’s ability to enable device-to-device communication, cars will even be able to book their own service appointments when warranted.

The connected car allows car manufacturers or dealers to turn the car ownership model on its head. Previously, manufacturers have had an arms-length relationship with individual buyers (or none at all). Essentially, the manufacturer’s relationship with the car ended once it was sent to lớn the dealer. With connected cars, automobile makers or dealers can have a continuous relationship with their customers. Instead of selling cars, they can charge drivers usage fees, offering a “transportation-as-a-service” using autonomous cars. Io
T allows manufacturers khổng lồ upgrade their cars continuously with new software, a sea-change difference from the traditional model of oto ownership in which vehicles immediately depreciate in performance & value.

Make the best business decisions with Oracle Io

With Oracle Intelligent Applications, you can extend your supply chain, ERP, HR, and customer experience (CX) applications to lớn the digital world. Leverage intelligent, predictive algorithms và digital twins lớn improve operational efficiency, boost worker productivity, enhance CX, & create new business models and opportunities.

The mạng internet of things, or Io
T, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical và digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to lớn transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

A thing in the internet of things can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, an automobile that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low or any other natural or man-made object that can be assigned an mạng internet Protocol (IP) address and is able lớn transfer data over a network.

Increasingly, organizations in a variety of industries are using Io
T to operate more efficiently, better understand customers to lớn deliver enhanced customer service, improve decision-making and increase the value of the business.

How does Io
T work?

An Io
T ecosystem consists of web-enabled smart devices that use embedded systems, such as processors, sensors and communication hardware, khổng lồ collect, send and act on data they acquire from their environments. Io
T devices nội dung the sensor data they collect by connecting to lớn an Io
T gateway or other edge device where data is either sent khổng lồ the cloud to lớn be analyzed or analyzed locally. Sometimes, these devices communicate with other related devices và act on the information they get from one another. The devices vì most of the work without human intervention, although people can interact with the devices -- for instance, lớn set them up, give them instructions or access the data.

This article is part of

Ultimate Io
T implementation guide for businesses

Which also includes:

The connectivity, networking & communication protocols used with these web-enabled devices largely depend on the specific Io
T applications deployed.

T can also make use of artificial intelligence (AI) & machine learning khổng lồ aid in making data collecting processes easier & more dynamic.

An example of how an Io
T system works from collecting data to taking action

Why is Io
T important?

The internet of things helps people live & work smarter, as well as gain complete control over their lives. In addition to offering smart devices lớn automate homes, Io
T is essential khổng lồ business. Io
T provides businesses with a real-time look into how their systems really work, delivering insights into everything from the performance of machines khổng lồ supply chain and logistics operations.

T enables companies to lớn automate processes và reduce labor costs. It also cuts down on waste & improves service delivery, making it less expensive to lớn manufacture & deliver goods, as well as offering transparency into customer transactions.

As such, Io
T is one of the most important technologies of everyday life, & it will continue to pick up steam as more businesses realize the potential of connected devices lớn keep them competitive.

What are the benefits of Io
T lớn organizations?

The mạng internet of things offers several benefits to lớn organizations. Some benefits are industry-specific, and some are applicable across multiple industries. Some of the common benefits of Io
T enable businesses to:

monitor their overall business processes; improve the customer experience (CX); save time & money; enhance employee productivity; integrate and adapt business models; make better business decisions; và generate more revenue.

T encourages companies to lớn rethink the ways they approach their businesses và gives them the tools lớn improve their business strategies.

Generally, Io
T is most abundant in manufacturing, transportation and utility organizations, making use of sensors và other Io
T devices; however, it has also found use cases for organizations within the agriculture, infrastructure and home automation industries, leading some organizations toward digital transformation.

T can benefit farmers in agriculture by making their job easier. Sensors can collect data on rainfall, humidity, temperature & soil content, as well as other factors, that would help automate farming techniques.

The ability lớn monitor operations surrounding infrastructure is also a factor that Io
T can help with. Sensors, for example, could be used lớn monitor events or changes within structural buildings, bridges và other infrastructure. This brings benefits with it, such as cost saving, saved time, quality-of-life workflow changes and paperless workflow.

A home automation business can utilize Io
T to lớn monitor và manipulate mechanical và electrical systems in a building. On a broader scale, smart cities can help citizens reduce waste và energy consumption.

T touches every industry, including businesses within healthcare, finance, retail và manufacturing.

What are the pros & cons of Io

Some of the advantages of Io
T include the following:

ability khổng lồ access information from anywhere at any time on any device; improved communication between connected electronic devices; transferring data packets over a connected network saving time và money; và automating tasks helping to lớn improve the unique of a business"s services và reducing the need for human intervention.

Some disadvantages of Io
T include the following:

As the number of connected devices increases và more information is shared between devices, the potential that a tin tặc could steal confidential information also increases. Enterprises may eventually have to khuyến mãi with massive numbers -- maybe even millions -- of Io
T devices, và collecting và managing the data from all those devices will be challenging. If there"s a bug in the system, it"s likely that every connected device will become corrupted. Since there"s no international standard of compatibility for Io
T, it"s difficult for devices from different manufacturers lớn communicate with each other.

T standards and frameworks

There are several emerging Io
T standards, including the following:

is a machine-to-machine service layer that can be embedded in software & hardware to lớn connect devices. The global standardization body, One
M2M, was created khổng lồ develop reusable standards to lớn enable Io
T applications across different verticals lớn communicate. Long Range Wide Area Network (Lo
is a protocol for WANs designed to support huge networks, such as smart cities, with millions of low-power devices.

T frameworks include the following:

Google"s Brillo/Weave is a platform for the rapid implementation of Io
T applications. The platform consists of two main backbones: Brillo, an Android-based OS for the development of embedded low-power devices, and Weave, an Io
T-oriented communication protocol that serves as the communication language between the device và the cloud. Calvin is an xuất hiện source Io
T platform released by Ericsson designed for building & managing distributed applications that enable devices to lớn talk to lớn each other. Calvin includes a development framework for application developers, as well as a runtime environment for handling the running application.

Consumer và enterprise Io
T applications

There are numerous real-world applications of the mạng internet of things, ranging from consumer Io
T và enterprise Io
T to lớn manufacturing and industrial Io
T (IIo
T). Io
T applications span numerous verticals, including automotive, telecom and energy.

In the consumer segment, for example, smart homes that are equipped with smart thermostats, smart appliances và connected heating, lighting and electronic devices can be controlled remotely via computers and smartphones.

Wearable devices with sensors và software can collect và analyze user data, sending messages to lớn other technologies about the users with the aim of making users" lives easier và more comfortable. Wearable devices are also used for public safety -- for example, improving first responders" response times during emergencies by providing optimized routes to a location or by tracking construction workers" or firefighters" vital signs at life-threatening sites.

In healthcare, Io
T offers many benefits, including the ability to lớn monitor patients more closely using an analysis of the data that"s generated. Hospitals often use Io
T systems lớn complete tasks such as inventory management for both pharmaceuticals và medical instruments.

Smart buildings can, for instance, reduce energy costs using sensors that detect how many occupants are in a room. The temperature can adjust automatically -- for example, turning the air conditioner on if sensors detect a conference room is full or turning the heat down if everyone in the office has gone home.

In agriculture, Io
T-based smart farming systems can help monitor, for instance, light, temperature, humidity and soil moisture of crop fields using connected sensors. Io
T is also instrumental in automating irrigation systems.

In a smart city, Io
T sensors & deployments, such as smart streetlights & smart meters, can help alleviate traffic, conserve energy, monitor and address environmental concerns, và improve sanitation.

T security và privacy issues

The mạng internet of things connects billions of devices lớn the internet & involves the use of billions of data points, all of which need lớn be secured. Due khổng lồ its expanded attack surface, Io
T security & Io
T privacy are cited as major concerns.

In 2016, one of the most notorious recent Io
T attacks was Mirai, a botnet that infiltrated domain name name server provider Dyn and took down many websites for an extended period of time in one of the biggest distributed denial-of-service (DDo
S) attacks ever seen. Attackers gained access to the network by exploiting poorly secured Io
T devices.

Because Io
T devices are closely connected, all a tin tặc has to vì chưng is exploit one vulnerability lớn manipulate all the data, rendering it unusable. Manufacturers that don"t update their devices regularly -- or at all -- leave them vulnerable to lớn cybercriminals.

Additionally, connected devices often ask users to input đầu vào their personal information, including names, ages, addresses, phone numbers & even social truyền thông media accounts -- information that"s invaluable to lớn hackers.

Hackers aren"t the only threat lớn the mạng internet of things; privacy is another major concern for Io
T users. For instance, companies that make and distribute consumer Io
T devices could use those devices to lớn obtain & sell users" personal data.

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Beyond leaking personal data, Io
T poses a risk lớn critical infrastructure, including electricity, transportation and inancial services.