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PHẦN 5: CÁC TỪ/CỤM TỪ ĐỒNG NGHĨA – TRÁI NGHĨA Từ/ các từ đồng nghĩa và trái nghĩa đôi lúc cũng tạo nên chút rắc rối cho những em trong quy trình học giờ Anh. Hy vọng, những bài tập bên dưới đây sẽ giúp đỡ các em tự tin hơn.UNIT 1: MỘT SỐ BÀI TẬP TỪ/ CỤM TỪ ĐỒNG NGHĨA Mark the letter A, B, c, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning lớn the underlined part in each of the following questions. 1. The huge Olympic stadium in Beijing is called “The Bird’s Nest.” A. Rectangular B. New C. Enormous D. Tiny 2. Some of the spectators were holding bright banners to lớn cheer the athletes. A. Light B. Large C. Colorful D. Beautiful 3. Slim sportsmen climbed a memory tower (a tall scaffolding) placed in the middle of the field of The Bird’s Nest Stadium. A. Brave B. Young C. Slender D. Strong 4. International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge gave a delightful speech at the closing ceremony of the Olympic Games in Beijing. A. Pleasing B. Thankful C. Wonderful D. Satisfied 5. London’s mayor Boris Johnson received the Olympic flag. A. Gave B. Took C. Waved D. Kept 6. When the gold medal winner Usain Bolt saw his 200-meter race played on TV, he thought: “That guy is fast.” A. First B. Swift C. Excellent D. Slow 7. The Bulgarian rhythmic gymnasts were stunned by the Olympic Village in Beijing. A. Happy B. Stupefied C. Welcomed D. Terrified 8. She speaks excellent French. A. Good B. Extremely good C. Merry D. Cool 9. Bulgarian athlete Rumyana Neykova, Women’s Singles Sculls gold winner, was very excited about her victory on August 16. A. Grateful B. Very happy C. Appreciative D. Nervous 10. The overall aim of the book is khổng lồ help bridge the gap between theory and practice, particularly in language teaching. A. Increase the understanding B. Construct a bridge C. Minimise the limitations D. Reduce the differences 11. Thankful athletes, coaches and tourists gave a big hand at the closing ceremony of the 2018 AFC Cup in China. A. Grateful B. Greatful C. Gratuitous D. Cheerful những câu tự 12-36 trích từ những đề thi ĐH các thời gian trước 2018. 12. Environmentalists appeal lớn the government khổng lồ enact laws to stop factories from discharging toxic chemicals into the sea. A. Releasing B. Dismissing C. Obtaining D. Producing 13. His new work has enjoyed a very good nhận xét from critics & readers. A. Viewing B. Regard C. Opinion D. Look 14. Such problems as haste & inexperience are a universal feature of youth. A. Marked B. Separated C. Shared D. Hidden15. We have lived there for years và grown fond of the surroundings. That is why we vị not want to leave. A. Possessed by the surroundings B. Planted many trees in the surroundings C. Loved the surroundings D. Haunted by the surroundings 16. As tourism is more developed, people worry about the damage to the flora and fauna of the island. A. Mountains and forests B. Flowers & trees C. Fruits & vegetables D. Plants & animals 17. It is such a prestigious university that only excellent students are entitled are entitled Jo a full scholarship each year. A. Are given the right khổng lồ B. Are refused the right to lớn C. Have the right lớn refuse D. Have the obligation khổng lồ 18. The repeated commercials on TV distract many viewers from watching their favourite films. A. Businesses B. Economics C. Advertisements D. Contests 19. The works of such men as the English philosophers John Locke & Thomas Hobbes helped pave the way for academic freedom in the modem sense. A. Terminate B. Prevent C. Initiate D. Lighten 20. E-cash cards are the main means of all transactions in a cashless society. A. Cash-starved B. Cash-strapped C. Cash-in-hand D. Cash-free 21. Many scientists agree that global warming poses great threats to all species on Earth. A. Risks B. Annoyances C. Fears D. Irritations 22. Although they hold similar political views, their religious beliefs present a striking contrast. A. Minor comparison B. Interesting resemblance C. Significant difference D. Complete coincidence 23. These were the people who advocated using force khổng lồ stop school violence. A. Openly criticised B. Publicly said C. Publicly supported D. Strongly condemned 24. Within a week on display at the exhibition, the painting was hailed as a masterpiece. A. An expensive work of art B. A down-to-earth work of art C. An excellent work of art D. A large work of art 25. Many parents may fail to lớn recognize và respond khổng lồ their children’s needs until frustration explodes into difficult or uncooperative behavior. A. Slowly reaches the boiling point B. Suddenly becomes uncontrollable C. Stays under pressure D. Remains at an unchanged level 26. Those children who stay longer hours at school than at trang chủ tend khổng lồ spend their formative years in the company of others with similar aims và interests. A. Forming a new business company B. Being separated from peers C. Enjoying the care of parents D. Being together with friends 27. “A friend in need is a friend indeed”: Our friends have voiced their strong criticism of China’s escalation of tension on our continental shelf. A. Easing the tension B. Improving the condition
C. Facing the reality D. Worsening the situation 28. Now many people who shop at a health food store instead of a local supermarket are much more likely to lớn find a healthy, sugar-free beverage. A. Full of preservatives B. Harmful to heath C. Convenient to lớn prepare D. Beneficial to lớn heath 29. Even though the mountain was very steep và the climb was hazardous, several adventurous tourists managed to lớn reach the top. A. Causing a lot of risks B. Bringing excitement C. Resulting in depression D. Costing a lot of money 30. Dozens of applicants showed up for the vacant position, but only a handful of them were shortlisted for the interview. A. Class B. Hand C. Small number D. Small amount 31. Just like hearing infants who start first with simple syllable babbling, then put more syllables together to lớn sound lượt thích real sentences and questions, deaf babies follow the same pattern. A. Able to hear B. Physically abnormal C. Obedient to lớn patterns D. Hard of hearing 32. Thanks to lớn the invention of the microscope, biologists can now gain insights into the nature of the human cell. A. Far-sighted views B. Spectacular sightings C. Deep understanding D. In-depth studies 33. When Susan invited us khổng lồ dinner, she really showed off her culinary talents. She prepared a feast - a huge selection of dishes that were simply mouth-watering. A. Concerning nutrition và health B. Involving hygienic conditions và diseases C. Relating lớn medical knowledge D. Having to vì with food và cooking 34. Suddenly, it began lớn rain heavily, so all the summer hikers got drenched all over. A. Very tired B. Refreshed C. Completely wet D. Cleansed 35. “It’s no use talking khổng lồ me about metaphysics. It’s a closed book lớn me.” A. An object that I really love B. A book that is never opened C. A subject that I don’t understand D. A theme that I lượt thích to discuss 36. You have khổng lồ weigh up all the pros and cons of the matter before you make a decision. A. Similarities & differences B. Benefits & losses C. Finance and health D. Advantages and disadvantages 37. My cousin tends lớn look on the dark side in any circumstance. A. Be optimistic B. Be pessimistic C. Be confident D. Be smart 38. Father has lost his job, so we’ll have to lớn tighten our belt to avoid getting into debt. A. Earn money B. Save money C. Sit still D. Use up 39. I’m afraid our new product is out of stock at the moment. A. Available B. Not available C. In process D. Unfashionable 40. Please give us prior notice if you need an evening meal. A. In front of B. Before C. Subsequent D. At the time of41. There is convincing evidence of a liên kết between exposure khổng lồ sun và skin cancer. A. Clue B. Dispute C. Exhibit D. Proof 42. Its members’ heads of government meet annually in an ASEAN summit khổng lồ discuss and resolve regional issues. A. Yearly B. Weekly C. Monthly D. Daily 43. During the 1970s, the U.S. Forged trade links with China. A work B. Commerce C. Economy D. Development 44. We should join hands to save endangered animals from extinction. A. Work together B. Take action C. Put together D. Make decisions 45. Mobile houses have become more popular in recent years. A. Staying in one place B. Being bent easily và quickly C. Being moved easily & quickly D. Changing shape 46. This article is extracted from his new book. A taken B. Resulted C. Differed D. Referred 47 People of diverse backgrounds now go lớn different places for entertainment, business & education. A. Isolated B. Distant C. Various D. Same 48. Disability is a physical limitation on your life. A. Possibility B. Difference C. Disadvantage D. Benefit 49. The scene was one of breath-taking beauty. A. Spoilt B. Impressive C. Adorned D. Touched 50. Is now an appropriate time to lớn make a speech? A. Urgent B. Correct C. Healthy D. Suitable 51. He finally fulfilled his dream of being a teacher. A. Researched B. Donated C. Achieved D. Preserved 52. It’s her job lớn clean the class at weekends. A. Duty B. Order C. Exercise D. Action 53. My sister has been out of work for 3 years. A. Unemployed B. Outgoing C. Hard-working D. Reliable 54. Drinking water each morning may help get rid of toxic substances in the stomach. A. Eliminate B. Create C. Include D. Pollute 55. Fish are abundant in the river flowing through the village. A. Having less amounts B. Giving a lot of choices C. Causing congestion D. Existing in large quantities 56. The student was broke at the weekend và had lớn go home. A. Having no lesson B. Having no food C. Having no money D. Having no accommodation. 57. The accident is thought to have occurred at midnight. A. Cancelled B. Vanished C. Happened D. Collapsed 58. Vày you know when this museum was constructed? A. Repaired B. Begun C. Heightened D. Built59. The catastrophic earthquake destroyed the whole city. A. Disastrous B. Courageous C. Simultaneous D. Jealous 60. There is growing concern about school violence. A. Answer B. Worry C. Relation D. Memory 61. The odour of the rotting apples was unpleasant. Let’s throw them away. A. Image B. Origin C. Unique D. Smell 62a. His bad behaviour stemmed from his lack of early education. A. Recovered from B. Retired from C. Resulted from D. Graduated from 62b. Her talent for music was really an unparalleled ability; she won most music prizes in the city. A. Incomparable B. Compatible C. Comprehensive D. Inconclusive 63. I couldn’t make out what he was saying as his speech was unclear. A. Retell B. Precede C. Understand D. Conserve 64. This theory is a synthesis of some old concepts và some modem ones. A. Movement B. Combination C. Elimination D. Development 65. Most citizens show that they uphold the new law completely. A. Support B. Disapprove C. Increase D. Reverse 66. A team will be penalized if its players commit fouls. A. Awarded B. Punished C. Defeated D. Destroyed 67. Shops always prefer wholesale products as they are cheaper. A. Selling step by step B. Selling only lớn some people C. Selling continuously D. Selling in large quantities 68. This is quite a hard mission for young soldiers khổng lồ complete. A. Task B. Game C. Chance D. Situation 69. We have just received some urgent messages from the Supreme Court. A. Great B. Dependent C. Very important D. Advanced 70. This is only a temporary solution to lớn that problem. A. Slow B. Compulsory C. Limited D. Serious 71. She has decided that there will be no wedding though they have been engaged for a long time. A. Very busy with preparation B. Affected by traditional values C. Formally agreeing khổng lồ get married D. Sharing the same interest 72 A new hydroelectric power station will be built near the village. A. Using water power khổng lồ produce electricity B. Using hydrogen và carbon khổng lồ produce electricity C. Using heat khổng lồ produce electricity D. Using nuclear energy to lớn produce electricity 73. The pirates prefer attacking luxury liners around some islands on the Atlantic Ocean. A. Houses B. Sharks C. Coasts D. Ships 74. It is such a big corporation that it has thousands of employees. A. Company B. Factory C. Programme D. Club 75. There are some hard-to-pick-up-again books in the bookshelf. So, don’t mention them.A. Good B. Scary C. Useful D. Bad 76. Looking after a naughty child is an uphill task for her. A. Well-paid B. Difficult C. Normal D. Wonderful 77. The secrets about his private life have been disclosed khổng lồ the press. A. Revealed B. Returned C. Stimulated D. Raised 78. He is a miserly man who seldom spends money to buy things. A. Mean B. Deaf C. Fat D. Rich 79. The teacher gave the students a hint so that they could find the answer. A key B. Scold C. Suggestion D. Condition 80. He was such a diligent student that he studied all day. A. Hard-working B. Obedient C. Punctual D. Witty 81. They substituted the original painting with some copies và sold them khổng lồ customers. A. Provided B. Replaced C. Considered D. Distributed 82. I am not sure whether those mushrooms are edible. A. Unable khổng lồ be picked up B. Suitable to be eaten C. Able to lớn be researched D. Likely to cause harm 83. He tried a lot lớn get the hang of skiing, & finally succeeded. A. Start lớn research B. Hang the equipment of C. Give up quickly D. Learn how to bởi 84. My niece is the apple of my eve: I always want lớn be her side. A. The person I love the most B. The person I fear a lot C. The person I don’t take care of D. The person I don’t visit 85. He left home at the drop of a hat without saying a word. A. Thoroughly B. Visually C. Securely D. Immediately 86. Thanks to lớn the housemaid, their house is always spick và span. A. Clean & tidy B. High và large C. Cheap and convenient D. Bright and clear 87. The new worker was reprimanded for his serious mistakes. A. Required B. Blamed C. Praised D. Exchanged 88. I don’t believe she is really sad for his death; she is just putting an act. A. Waiting B. Disappointing C. Defending D. Pretending 89. Those animals are susceptible lớn cold weather; Let’s make them warm. A. Vulnerable B. Incredible C. Inaccessible D. Inevitable 90. The woman rushed to lớn cook lunch after she had gone trang chủ from the market. A. Decided B. Hurried C. Learnt D. Agreed 91. Most of them all felt exhausted after a day on the farm. A. Irritated B. Excited C. Convinced D. Tired 92. My friend & I work in different cities, so I only see him once in a xanh moon. A. Rarely B. Often C. Never D. Always 93. The unusual weather had an effect on our crops a lot.A. Infected B. Affected C. Defected D. Rejected 94. You shouldn’t participate in their journey. It’s quite hazardous. A. Exciting B. Beneficial C. Messy D. Unsafe 95. This hall is for exclusive room of guests. Only rich people can enter it. A. Visible B. Economic C. Decorative D. Limited 96. The trip khổng lồ the village was fantastic. The local people were really hospitable. A. Dynamic B. Strange C. Controversial D. Wonderful 97. When crops failed, a lot of people had khổng lồ face famine. A. Crisis B. Revolution C. Starvation D. Epidemic 98. After the sudden shower. A rainbow appeared in the sky. A. Storm B. Wind C. Rain D. Flood 99. Some non-governmental organizations did some voluntary activities in Africa last month. A. Controlled by a government B. Affected by a government C. Not belonging to a government D. Not protecting a government 100. I don’t think the new changes will be implemented in the near future. A. Preserved B. Executed C. Insured D. Rescued 101. Let’s stop here and look at those splendid waterfalls. A. Popular B. Circular C. Regular D. Spectacular 102. The new policies really stimulate investment in some rural areas. A. Reflect B. Encourage C. Transmit D. Guarantee 103. Could we have an alternative? This room is too small. A. A choice B. An excuse C. A measure D. An order 104. They spent a lot of time making this enormous birthday cake A. Small B. Low C. Big D. Soft 105. The heavy machines torn down the house in just some minutes. A. Demolished B. Repaired C. Polished D. Elevated 106. It is customary to lớn give children lucky money during the Lunar New Year in Vietnam. A. Strange B. Traditional C. Possible D. Essential 107. He gave an outstanding speech about future jobs for high school students. A. Competitive B. Impressive C. Communicative D. Extensive 108. You should not use your phone once the plane is airborne. A. With our the air B. Outside the air C. In the air D. Off the air 109. Some comtemporary laws should be adjusted for an advanced society. A. Appropriate B. Imperative C. Current D. Habitual 110. The lecture was so dull that most of the audience fell asleep. A. Frightening B. Boring C. Surprising D. Amusing 111. She has a bee in her bonnet about jogging và it is the subject of most of her conversations. A. Keeps talking about it again & again B. Has no idea about it C. Has intention of doing it soon D. Gives others advice about it 112. We had unforgettable experiences during our tour of the museum.A. Forgetful B. Memorable C. Fortunate D. Measurable 113. The tiger reached its prey so swiftly that the prey could not recognise it. A. Greatly B. Fairly C. Lately D. Quickly 114. The millionaire possessed most of the houses around the lake. A. Owned B. Sold C. Lost D. Founded 115. Each day, a lot of infants are born in hospitals. A. Adults B. Teenagers C. Elders D. Babies 116. In place of those bulbs, you could buy energy-saving ones. A. In front of B. Instead of C. In search of D. In respect of 117. Customers who will receive gifts have been chosen arbitrarily, A. Selectively B. Randomly C. Controversially D. Comically 118. We are trying to lớn console some sorrowful people whose beloved ones were killed in the earthquake. A. Sad B. Poor C. Bald D. Kind 119. It is a big sporting sự kiện with a lot of professional participants. A. Conditional B. Skillful C. Eager D. Adventurous 120. It was a red-letter day for the team as they won the first prize. A. A boring day B. A happy day C. A uneasy day D. A tiring day 121. Some countries in this area were accused of providing the terroists with weapons. A. Cultivating B. Alternating C. Supplying D. Dismissing 122. Why bởi vì you have to lớn argue over such trivial matter? A. Adorable B. Fabulous C. Unimportant D. Envious 123. We had a happy time at the amusement park and the gifts we recived from a game were just the icing on the cake. A. Something that causes confusion to something else B. Something that is suitable for a specific purpose C. Something that has a lot of potential D. Something that makes a good situation even better 124. Nowadays, we don’t have khổng lồ bring much cash with US. A. Money B. Luggage C. Furniture D. Knowledge 125. She looked terrific in her new dress, which made her stand out in the party. A. Terrible B. Wonderful C. Tedious D. Showy 126. Our teachers advise us to lớn hit the books for the coming exam. A. Read more reference books B. Arrange the bookshelf C. Stop playing sports D. Study intensively 127. My teacher laid bức xúc on the importance of textbooks in A. Ignored B. Criticized C. Emphasized D. Inflict 128. He doesn’t have a healthy lifestyle as he frequently drinks. A. Never B. Seldom C. Often D. Little 129. Please ring me when you arrive in the city. A. Ask B. Lift C. Hold D. Phone130. He was so annoyed with his daughter that he prevented her from entering their house. A. Amazed B. Excited C. Cheerful D. Angry 131. We must verify her confession before leading her lớn the police. A. Delay B. Kiểm tra C. Swap D. Khung 132. My grandfather said he was as right as rain after the time in hospital. A. Felt healthy again B. Was protected from weather C. Did the right thing D. Looked as young as teenagers 133. The soldiers overcame their fright and moved forward. A. Guess B. Fear C. Hope D. Dream 134. Frogs are amphibians which can be easily found in wet fields. A. Animals that live both on land và in water B. Animals that can jump quite high C. Animals that lượt thích deep water D. Animals that eat smaller animals 135. Just take it easy and don’t make a fuss about such a small problem. A. Return B. Resist C. Relax D. Reload 136. The new policy by the government face a lot of protests. A. Ageements B. Concepts C. Objections D. Rumours 137. They formed a massive army to invade their neighbours. A. Extensive B. Aggressive C. Defensive D. Comprehensive 138. He used to lớn burn the midnight oil whenever he had an exam. A. Sleep through the night B. Cook a midnight meal C. Work until very late at night D. Wait for the night khổng lồ pass 139. The man who joined the club last week is very good-looking. A. Sporty B. Intelligent C. Active D. Handsome 140. She finally got married to a well-off man. A. Rich B. Poor C. Strong D. Weak 141. It is hard khổng lồ estimate how much money we should invest in the project. A. Propose B. Calculate C. Develop D. Separate 142. The father said to his children: “Let’s hit the sack now. It’s late.” A. Stop working B. Vì chưng exercise C. Go lớn bed D. Have supper 143. The children used clay khổng lồ create some objects around them. A. Toy B. Pen C. Book D. Soil 144. He has made progress in his study recently. A. Got up B. Got off C. Got along D. Got away 145. I used play computer game for recreation. A. Amusement B. Situation C. Endurance D. Ornament 146. We had a triumph over our neighbours in a friendly football match. A. Escape B. Victory C. Force D. Battle 147. The mudslide obstructed the road lớn the town.A. Loosened B. Condensed C. Blocked D. Detached 148. Mr. John kicked the bucket last night và we are going khổng lồ his funeral. A. Flew B. Died C. Jumped D. Breathed 149. The villagers always showed their esteem for the old man who gave them good advice. A. Donation B. Adjustment C. Sympathy D. Respect 150. He held her hand and put a blank sheet of paper on it. A. Empty B. Colourful C. Thin D. Dry1. Một trong những bài tập từ bỏ vựng đồng nghĩa tương quan Câu Đáp án giải thích 1. C Huge = enormous: rộng lớn lớn; rectangular: hình tứ giác; new mới, tiny: bé dại 2. C Bright = colorful: nhiều color 3. C Slim = slender: mảnh khảnh 4. A Delightful = pleasing: hài lòng, vui sướng; Thankful: biết ơn, wonderful: tuyệt vời, satisfied: thỏa mãn nhu cầu 5. B Receive = took: nhận; Gave: cho, waved: vẫy tay, kept: giữ lại 6. B Fast = swift: cấp tốc First, đầu tiên, excellent: xuất sắc, slow: lờ lững 7. B Stun = stupefy: tởm ngạc, sửng nóng 8. B Excellent = extremely good: xuất dung nhan short: ngắn, good: tốt, merry: vui, cool: ngầu 9. B Excited = very happy: vui niềm phần khởi Grateful: biết ơn, appreciative: review cao, nervous: băn khoăn lo lắng 10. D Bridge the gap = reduce the differences: nối khoảng cách, sút sự biệt lập Increase the understading: tăng sự hiểu biết, construct a bridge: xây cầu, minimize the limitations: giảm thiểu sự tiêu giảm 11. A Thankful = grateful: biết ơn Greaful: không có trong tự điển, gratuitous: vô cớ, khuyến mãi (mang nghĩa tiêu cực, cheerful: vui miệng 12. A Discharge = release: thải ra Dismiss: sa thải, obtain: đạt được, produce: chế tạo 13. C Opinion = review: ý kiến đánh giá View: coi xét, regard: cái nhìn, sự quan tiền tâm, look: tầm nhìn 14. C Shared: được phân tách sẻ, có ở nhiều đối tượng người tiêu dùng = univeral: chung, toàn thể. Marked: rõ ràng, đáng chú ý, separated: riêng biệt, hidden: được che kín, kín đáo đáo 15. C to be/ become/ grow fond of sth (dần) thích cái gì = love (yêu thích) cấu tạo grow + tính từ = trở nên ra làm sao (diễn đạt sự thế đổi) Be possessed: bị sở hữu, be planted: được trồng cây, be haunted: bị ma ám 16. D Plants và animals: thực đồ gia dụng (cây cối) và động vật = flora & fauna: hệ thực vật với hệ động vật hoang dã 17. A khổng lồ be entitled khổng lồ sth = to lớn be given the right to sth: được trao quyền cho,được ban mang đến 18. C Commercials = Advertisements: mục truyền bá 19. C Pave the way for: mở đường, mở màn, mở màn = initiate (Khởi xướng, ban đầu 20. D Cashless: không dùng tiền khía cạnh = cash-free; Danh từ + hậu tố Free: không tồn tại cái nào đó Cash-starved: thiếu hụt tiền, khan hiếm tiền, cash-trapped: mắc bả tiền, bị lừa tiền, cash-in-hand: sẵn tiền phương diện 21. A Threats = risks: mối đe dọa, mối gian nguy Annoyances: sự khó khăn chịu, fears: nỗi sợ hãi; irritations: sự giận dữ 22. C Striking contrast (sự tương bội nghịch lớn) = significatnt diference (sự khác nhau đáng kể) Minor comparison: sự so sánh nhỏ, interesting resemblance: sự tương tự nhau một phương pháp thú vị, complete coincidence: sự trùng hợp trọn vẹn 23. C Advocate (tán thành, ủng hộ) = publicly supported (ủng hộ một bí quyết công khai) Openly criticized: phê phán một phương pháp công khai, thẳng thắn, publicly said: nói một biện pháp công khai, strongly condemned: chỉ trích mạnh bạo 24. C A masterpiece: một kiệt tác = an excellent work of art (một tác phẩm nghệ thuật xuất sắc) (work đếm được có nghĩa tác phẩm) An expensive work of art: tác phẩm thẩm mỹ và nghệ thuật đắt đỏ, a down-to-earth work of art: tác phẩm thẩm mỹ thực tế, a large work of art: tác phẩm thẩm mỹ và nghệ thuật lớn. 25. B Explode (bùng nổ) = suddenly become uncontrollable (đột nhiên trở cần không kiểm soát được): câu này nhờ vào tình huống ta dịch các từ: frustration explodes: tức giận đùng đùng Slowly reach the boiling point: ý nói trường đoản cú từ mang đến đỉnh điểm của sự tức giận, stay under pressure: vẫn áp lực, remain at unchanged level: giữ nguyên ở nút độ đó (Không biến đổi) 26. D In the company of (gắn bó với các bạn bè) = being together with friends (cùng các bạn bè) Forming a new business company: thành lập và hoạt động công ty sale mới, being separated from peers: bóc tách biệt khỏi chúng ta bè, enjoying the care of parents: thích sự chăm sóc của phụ huynh 27. D Escalation of tension (sự làm căng thẳng mệt mỏi thêm) = worsening the situation (sự làm tình trạng xấu thêm) Ease the tention: làm dịu căng thẳng, improve the situation: nâng cao tình hình, face the reality: đối mặt với thực sự 28. D Health food store (cửa hàng bán hàng ăn có lợi cho sức khỏe) = beneficial to health (có lợi đến sức khỏe)Full of preservatives: đựng đầy chất bảo quản, harmful to lớn health: có hại cho sức khỏe, convenient to lớn prepare: tiện sẵn sàng 29.A Hazardous (đầy mạo hiểm, nguy hiểm) = Causing a lof of risk (gây ra nhiều rủi ro) Bring excitement: đem về sự hứng thú, result in depression: dẫn tới việc thất vọng, tốt vọng, cost a lot of money: tốn tiền 30.C Handful (số lượng 1 cố kỉnh tay, con số nhỏ) = small number (lượng nhỏ) Number + đi cùng với danh tự số nhiều, đếm được, amount + đi với danh từ không đếm được 31.A Hearing (có kĩ năng nghe) = able to hear Physical abnormal: mất thông thường về mặt thể chất, obedient lớn patterns: nghe theo các mô hình, kiểu; hard of hearing: nặng nề nghe, có vụ việc về thính giác. Dịch: Cũng giống các trẻ sơ sinh có chức năng nghe mà bước đầu bằng những tiết đối kháng lẻ, rồi các âm tiết nhiều năm như một câu và câu hỏi, những em bé nhỏ bị điếc cũng tuân theo cách tương tự. 32.C Insights into sth = deep understanding: sự đọc biết sâu sắc. Far-sighted view: tầm quan sát xa, spectacular sightings: tầm chú ý kỳ ngoạn mục, in-depts studies: học tập sâu 33.D Culinary (nấu nướng, phòng bếp núc) = having to do with food and cooking (làm gần như thứ liên quan đến đồ ăn và thổi nấu nướng) rất có thể đoán nghĩa nhờ vào từ: dinner (bữa tối), dishes (các món nạp năng lượng bày vào đĩa) và mouth-watering (chảy nước miếng bởi nhìn ngon miệng) 34.C Drenched (ướt sũng) = completely wet Very tired: khôn cùng mệt; refreshed: tươi mới, khỏe khoắn, cleansed: sạch sẽ 35.C A closed book to lớn me (Một quyển sách được đóng, ý nói khi vội sách thì chưa bao giờ gì) = a subject that I don’t understand: Môn học mà mình thiếu hiểu biết nhiều gì. An object I really love: một trang bị mình cực kỳ thích, a book that is never opened: một cuốn sách chưa lúc nào mở, a theme that I lượt thích to discuss: một chủ thể mình thích bàn bạc 36.D Pros và cons = advantages and disadvantages = benefits và drawbacks: hầu hết điểm tác dụng và có hại 37.B Look on the dark side = be pessimistic: lúc nào cũng nghĩ tới đa số điểm tiêu cực, ai oán Optimistic: lạc quan; confident: trường đoản cú tin; smart: thông minh 38.B Tighten our belt = save money: thắt chặt chi tiêu, tiết kiệm ngân sách tiền Earn money: tìm tiền, sit still: ngồi yên một chỗ, use up: dùng hết 39.B Out of stock = not available: hết hàng, không tồn tại sẵn In process: trong vượt trình, unfashionable: ko thời trang 40.B Prior = before: trước đó (thời gian) In front of: vùng phía đằng trước (vị trí), subsequent (xảy ra sau), at the time of: vào thời gian 41.D Evidence = proof: bằng chứng, bệnh cứ Clue: manh mối, dispute: tranh chấp, exhibit: thiết bị trưng bày 42.A Annually = yearly: thường niên Weekly: hàng tuần, monthly: hàng tháng, daily: hàng ngày 43.B Trade = commerce: thương mại 44.A Joind hands = work together: thông thường tay, tầm thường sức, thao tác cùng nhau
Take action: hành động (thực hiện một câu hỏi nào đó), put together: cho vật gì vào phổ biến nhau, make decision: chuyển ra ra quyết định 45.C di động = being moved easily và quickly: di động, có thể di gửi dễ dàng, gấp rút Staying in one place: tại một chỗ, nắm định, being bent: được gặp, changing shape: đổi khác hình dáng vẻ 46.A Be extracted from = be taken from: Được trích từ, được đem từ (nguồn tài liệu như thế nào đó) Resulted from: là do (nguyên nhân ), differed: biệt ở, referred: ám chỉ tới 47.C Diverse = various: đa dạng, khác nhau Isolated: bị phương pháp ly, distant: xa, same: như nhau 48.C Limitations = disadvantages: phần đa điểm hạn chế, vô ích Possibility: khả năng xảy ra điều gì, difference: sự không giống biệt, benefit: lợi ích 49.B Breath-taking = impressive: hấp dẫn đến ngập thở (ý nói vô cùng đẹp, rất ấn tượng) Spoilt: bị phá hủy, không còn nguyên sơ, adorned: được trang hoàng, touched: sẽ được chạm với 50.D Appropriate = suitable: phù hợp Urgent: khẩn cấp, correct: đúng, healthy: lành mạnh 51.C fulfil = achieve: đạt được, chấm dứt research: nghiên cứu; donate: tặng, biếu; preserve: bảo quản 52.A duty = job = việc phải làm, nghĩa vụ (theo nghĩa vào câu) order: mệnh lệnh; exercise: bài tập, bài thể dục; action: hành động 53.A out of work = unemployed: thất nghiệp outgoing: hòa đồng, phía ngoại; hard-working: chuyên chỉ; reliable: an toàn và tin cậy 54.A get rid of = eliminate: một số loại bỏ, tống khứ create: sinh sản ra; include: bao gồm; pollute: làm ô nhiễm và độc hại 55.D abundant (có nhiều) = existing in large quantities (tồn trên ở số lượng lớn) having less amounts: có số lượng ít hơn; giving a lot of choices: gửi ra những lựa chọn; causing congestion: gây ra sự ùn tắc 56.C broke = having no money: không tồn tại tiền, cháy túi having no lesson: không có bài học; having no food: không có đồ nạp năng lượng having no accommodation: không có chỗ ở. 57.C occur = happen: xảy ra cancel: hủy bỏ; vanish: thay đổi mất; collapse: sụp đổ 58.D construct = build: thi công repair: sửa chữa; begin: bắt đầu; heighten: có tác dụng cao lên 59.A catastrophic = disastrous: gây thảm họa lớn. Courageous: dũng cảm; simultaneous: đồng thời, thuộc lúc; jealous: đầy ghen tuông tuông 60.B concern = worry: sự lo ngại answer: câu trả lời; relation: mọt liên hệ; memory: trí nhớ, kỷ niệm. 61.D odour = smell: mùi image: hình ảnh; origin: nguồn gốc; quality: unique 62.C stem from = result from: có nguyên nhân từ, bị gây ra bởi recover from: phục hồi lại từ; retire from: nghỉ hưu, tách khỏi; graduate from: tốt nghiệp từ
C make out - understand: phát âm retell: nói lại; precede: đi trước; conserve: bảo đảm 64.B synthesis = combination: sự kết hợp, sự tổng hợp movement: sự đưa động; elimination: sự một số loại bỏ; development: sự cải cách và phát triển 65.A uphold = support: ủng hộ disapprove: không ủng hộ; increase: có tác dụng tăng lên; reverse: hòn đảo ngược 66.B penalize = punish: phạt, trừng vạc A. Award: thưởng; defeat: đánh bại; destroy: hủy diệt 67.D wholesale (bán sỉ) = selling in large quantities (bán theo số lượng lớn) selling step by step: chào bán theo từng bước một một; selling only lớn some people: chỉ bán cho một số người; selling continuously: cung cấp đi liên tiếp 68.A mission = task: trách nhiệm game: trò chơi; chance: cơ hội; situation: trường hợp 69.C urgent (khẩn cấp) ~ very important (rất quan lại trọng) great: tuyệt vời, lớn lao; dependent: phụ thuộc; advanced: tiên tiến và phát triển 70.C temporary (tạm thời, trước mắt) ~ limited (bị hạn chế) slow: chậm; compulsory: đề xuất ; serious: tráng lệ và trang nghiêm 71.C engaged (kết hôn) = formally agreeing to lớn get married (chính thức chấp nhận làm bà xã chồng) very busy with preparation: rất mắc với sự chuẩn chỉnh bị; affected by traditional values: bị tác động bởi những giá trị truyền thống lâu đời ; sharing the same interest: bao gồm cùng sở thích 72.A hydroelectric (thủy điện) = using water power to produce electricity (dùng mức độ nước để tạo nên điện) using hydrogen và carbon lớn produce electricity: thực hiện khí hydro cùng carbon để tạo thành điện; using heat to lớn produce electricity: sử dụng nhiệt để tạo thành điện ; using nuclear energy to produce electricity: sử dụng năng lượng hạt nhân để tạo ra điện 73.D liner (tàu thủy béo chở khách lâu năm ngày) ~ ship (tàu) house: nhà; shark: cá mập; coast: bờ biển khơi 74.A Corporation (công ty, doanh nghiệp lớn lớn) ~ company (công ty) factory: bên máy; programme: chương trình; Club: câu lạc cỗ 75.A hard-to-pick-up-again (không lựa chọn lần nữa) ~ bad (dở, ko hay) (sách) good: tốt; scary: khiếp sợ ; useful: bổ ích 76.B uphill = difficult: khó khăn well-paid: được trả lương cao; normal: bình thường; wonderful: tuyệt vời nhất 77.A disclose = reveal: bật mý return: trở về ; stimulate: kích thích, khuyến khích ; raise: nuôi, quyên góp 78.A miserly = mean: keo dán giấy kiệt, bần tiện deaf: điếc; fat: béo; rích: nhiều 79.C hint = suggestion: lời gợi nhắc key: chìa khóa, đáp án; scold: sự chửi bới; condition: điều kiện 80.A diligent = hard-working: cần mẫn obedient: biết vâng lời; punctual: đúng giờ; witty: dí dỏm81.B substitute = replace: sửa chữa thay thế provide: cung cấp; consider: coi xét; distribute: trưng bày 82.B edible = suitable to lớn be eaten: hoàn toàn có thể ăn được unable to be picked up: tất yêu được hái; able to be researched: có thể được nghiên cứu; likely khổng lồ cause harm: có khả năng gây sợ hãi 83.D get the hang of sth = learn to vì sth: học làm cái gi start lớn research: bắt đầu nghiên cứu; hang the equipment of: treo trang vật dụng của; give up quickly: nhanh lẹ từ quăng quật 84.A the táo of my eye (quả táo trong mắt tôi) ~ the person I love the most (người tôi thương yêu nhất) 85.D at the drop of a hat = immediately: ngay lập tức lập tức, vô cùng nhanh. Thoroughly: một cách kỹ lưỡng ; visually: về thị giác, theo bề ngoài; securely: một biện pháp an tâm, chắc chắn rằng 86.A spick & span = clean và tidy: thật sạch sẽ và gọn gàng high và large: cao với rộng lớn; cheap và convenient: rẻ và tiện nghi bright & clear: sáng và cụ thể 87.B reprimand = blame: khiển trách, trách cứ require: yêu cầu; praise: khen ngợi; exchange: hội đàm 88.D put an act = pretend: giả cỗ wait: đợi đợi; disappoint: thất vọng, làm thuyệt vọng 89.A susceptible - vulnerable: dễ dẫn đến tổn thương, không chịu đựng được vật gì incredible: tất yêu tin được; inaccessible: quan trọng tiếp cận được, inevitable: cần xảy ra, tất yêu tránh ngoài 90.B rush to bởi = hurry to do: vội vàng vã, cấp gáp làm những gì decide: quyết định; learn: học; agree: gật đầu 91.D exhausted (rất mệt mỏi mỏi, kiệt sức) ~ tired (mệt mỏi) irritated: bị kích động, nổi nóng; excited: háo hức; convinced: quả quyết, tin chắc hẳn 92.A once in a blue moon ~ rarely: hãn hữu khi 93.B have an effect on = affect: tác động đến infect: lây nhiễm; defect: đào ngũ; reject: sa thải 94.D hazardous = unsafe: nguy hiểm, không bình an exciting: thú vị; beneficial: tất cả lợi; messy: láo độn 95.D exclusive (độc quyền, riêng rẽ biệt) ~ limited (hạn chế) visible: hoàn toàn có thể thấy được; economic: thuộc tởm tế; decorative: mang tính chất trang trí, 96.C fantastic = wonderful: siêu tuyệt vời, dễ chịu dynamic: sôi động; strange: kỳ lạ; controversial: gây tranh cãi xung đột 97.C famine = starvation: nàn đói crisis: sự béo hoảng; revolution: cuộc bí quyết mạng; epidemic; dịch bệnh lây lan 98.C shower (cơn mưa rào) ~ rain (mưa) storm: bão; wind: gió; flood: lụt 99.C non-governmental (phi chủ yếu phủ) = not belonging lớn a government (không nằm trong về chủ yếu phủ) controlled by a government: bị điều khiển bởi chính phủ; affected by agovernment: bị tác động bởi bao gồm phủ; not protecting a government: không bảo đảm chính lấp 100.B implement = execute: tiến hành, triển khai preserve: bảo quản, dành riêng riêng; insure: bảo hiểm; rescue: giải cứu 101.D splendid = spectacular: hùng vĩ, đẹp mắt popular: phổ biến, được ưa thích; circular: bao gồm hình tròn; regular: số đông đặn 102.B stimulate = encourgae: khích lệ reflect: phản bội ánh; transmit: truyền, phát; guarantee: đảm bảo, khẳng định 103.A alternative = choice: lựa chọn, sự thay thế sửa chữa excuse: nhu muốn lỗi, bao biện; measure: biện pháp; order: mệnh lệnh, đơn hàng 104.C enormous (rất lớn) ~ big (lớn) 105.A tear down = demolish: phá sập repair: sửa chữa; polish: tấn công bóng; elevate: nâng lên 106.B customary = traditional: theo truyền thống cuội nguồn strange: kỳ lạ; possible: tất cả thể; essential: thiết yếu, rất đặc trưng 107.B outstanding = impressive: khiến ấn tượng, khá nổi bật competitive: có tính cạnh tranh; communicative: trực thuộc giao tiếp; extensive: rộng lớn rãi, bao hàm 108.C airborne - in the air: ngơi nghỉ trên không 109.C contemporary = current: hiện tại tại, đương thời, tiên tiến appropriate: ưng ý hợp; imperative: cấp cho bách, bắt buộc; habitual: thường xuyên lệ, quen thuộc thói 110.B dull = boring: chán, thiếu thu hút frightening: đáng sợ; surprising: xứng đáng ngạc nhiên; amusing: sướng 111.A have a bee in one"s bonnet about sth: cứ nói đi nói lại về 1 sự việc vì bạn thấy nó đặc biệt quan trọng 112.B unforgettable = memorable: kỷ niệm A. Forgetful: đãng trí; fortunate: may mắn; measurable: rất có thể đo đếm được 113.D swiftly = quickly: nhanh greatly: một cách to lao; fairly: một bí quyết tương đối, công bằng; latley: gần đây 114.A possess = own: download sold (sell): bán; lost (lose): mất, thua; found: thành lập và hoạt động 115.D infant = baby: trẻ cực kỳ nhỏ, trẻ em sơ sinh adult: fan trưởng thành; teenager: thiếu thốn niên; elder: người lớn tuổi 116.B in place of = instead of: thay vị in front of: sống đằng trước; in search of: để tìm kiếm; in respect of: tương quan đến 117.B arbitrarily = randomly: một cách thiên nhiên selectively: một cách có chọn lọc; controversially: bao gồm tính tranh luận; comically: một biện pháp khôi hài
A sorrowful = sad: bi đát poor: nghèo; bald: hói; kind: ung dung 119.B professional = skilful: có chuyên môn cao, bài bản conditional: ở trong về điều kiện; eager: háo hức; adventurous: thích nhận thấy 120.B a red-letter day (một ngày hạnh phúc, quánh biệt, quan trọng) ~ a happy day 121.C provide = supply: cung cấp cultivate: trồng trọt; alternate: luân phiên; dismiss: bác bỏ bỏ 122.C trivial = unimportant: ko quan trọng, tầm phơ adorable: đáng yêu; fabulous: hoang đường, khôn xiết tuyệt; envious: ghen tỵ 123.D the icing on the cake = điều mà tạo cho một chuyện đã tốt còn tốt hơn nữa. 124.A cash (tiền mặt) = money (tiền) luggage: hành lý; furniture: vật đạc; knowledge: kiến thức 125.B terrific = wonderful: hoàn hảo và tuyệt vời nhất terrible: khiếp khủng; tedious: ngán ngắt; showy: lòe loẹt, phô trương 126.D hit the books = study intensively: học tập hành tráng lệ 127.C lay găng tay on = emphasize: nhấn mạnh vấn đề ignore: bỏ qua, có tác dụng ngơ; criticize: chỉ trích; inflict: nện, giáng, bắt nên chịu 128.C frequently = often: thường xuyên thường never: ko bao giờ; seldom: thi thoảng khi; little: ít khi 129.D ring = phone: gọi điện thoại cảm ứng 130.D annoyed = angry: giận dữ, tức giận amazed: ngạc nhiên; excited: háo hức; cheerful: vui vẻ 131.B verify (thẩm tra, xác nhận) ~ check (kiểm tra) delay: trì hoãn; swap: hoán đổi; form: chế tạo thành 132.A be as right as rain: khỏe khoắn trở lại, thấy khôn xiết khỏe 133.B fright = fear: sự sợ hãi, nỗi hại guess: sự đoán; hope: sự hy vọng; dream: giấc mơ 134.A amphibian: động vật hoang dã lưỡng cư – hoàn toàn có thể sống cả bên trên cạn với dưới nước 135.C take it easy = relax: thư giãn, yên tâm return: trở về; resist: phòng cự; reload: nạp lại 136.C protest = objection: sự phản đối ageement: sự đồng ý; concept: quan tiền điểm; rumour: lời đồn thổi 137.A massive = extensive: đông đảo, nhiềuaggressive: hiếu chiến; defensive: bao gồm tính phòng thủ; comprehensive: bao hàm trọn vẹn 138.C burn the midnight oil: thức khôn xiết khuya thao tác làm việc 139.D good-looking (có vẻ đẹp ngoại hình) ~ handsome: rất đẹp trai sporty: hay đùa thể thao; intelligent: thông minh; active: năng đụng 140.A well-off = rich: phong lưu 141.B estimate (ước tính, tính toán) ~ calculate (tính toán) propose: đề xuất; develop: phân phát triển; separate: phân làn 142.C hit the sack = go lớn bed: đi ngủ 143.D clay (đất sét) ~ soil (đất) 144.C make progress = get along: tiến bộ get up: thức dậy; get off: xuống xe; get away: vứt đi. 145.A recreation = amusement: sự giải trí, tiêu khiển. Situation: trả cảnh, tình huống; endurance: sức chịu đựng; ornament: vật trang trí 146.B triumph = victory: sự chiến thắng escape: sự trốn thoát; force: lực; battle: trận chiến 147.C obstruct = block: phòng trở, chặn lại loosen: nới lỏng; condense: có tác dụng đặc; detach: tách bóc ra 148.B kick the bucket = die: chết, tắt hơi 149.D esteem = respect: sự kính trọng donation: sự quyên góp; adjustment; sự điều chỉnh; sympathy: sự thông cảm 150.A blank = empty: trống trống rỗng colourful: đầy màu sắc; thin: mỏng; dry: khô

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UNIT 2: MỘT SỐ BÀI TẬP TỪ/ CỤM TỪ TRÁI NGHĨA Mark letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to lớn indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning khổng lồ the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 1. Strongly advocating health foods, Jane doesn’t eat any chocolate. A. Denying B. Impugning C. Supporting D. Advising 2. Unless the two signatures arc identical. The ngân hàng won’t honor the check. A. Different B. Genuine C. Nhái D. Similar 3. Pure water is often a fairly rare commodity that requires significant energy to lớn produce. A. Contaminated B. Clean C. Unadulterated D. Flawless 4. Why are being so arrogant? A. Humble B. Cuming C. Naive D. Snooty 5. The soldiers were told to lớn commence firing in the mock battle. A. Continue B. Stop C. Begin D. Evoke 6. The consequences of the typhoon were disastrous due to lớn the lack of precautionary measures. A. Severe B. Beneficial C. Physical D. Damaging 7. In big cities, animals should be kept under control. A. Out of dispute B. Out of discipline C. Out of hand D. Out of order 8. We ought to lớn keep these proposals secret from the chairman for the time being. A. Accessible B. Revealed C. Lively D. Frequented 9. We left new york when I was six; so my recollections of it are rather faint. A. Misunderstood B. Clear C. Ambiguous D. Explanatory 10. Phosphorus is used in paints for highway signs và markers because it is luminous. At night. A. Dim B. Adequate C. Bright D. Attractive 11. Lugwig van Beethoven was one of the great composers in the history of music. A. Influential B. Outstanding C. Reliable D. Unknown 12. His policies were beneficial lớn the economy on a whole. A. Innocent B. Harmless C. Crude D. Detrimental 13. It was apparent from her face that she was really upset. A. Indistinct B. Evident C. Obvious D. Transparent 14. The loss of his journals had caused him even more sorrow than his retirement from the military six years earlier. A. Grief B. Joy C. Comfort D. Sympathy 15. I’ll have khổng lồ whisper to lớn you, otherwise he will hear. A. Shout B. Whistle C. Talk D. Say 16. The company is very successful in releasing a new customer driven product, which contains no artificial colors. A. Natural B. False C. Artful D. Factual 17. Now when so many frogs were killed, there were more & more insects. A. Fewer và fewer B. Less and less C. Lesser & lesser D. Lesser & fewer 18. Asa newspaper reporter she always wanted to get information at first hand.A. Indirectly B. Directly C. Easily D. Slowly 19. In the 1980 census, New Jersey was the most densely populated state. A. Rigorously B. Heavily C. Wantonly D. Sparsely 20. The ship went down although strenuous efforts were made to save it. A. Energetic B. Forceful C. Half-hearted D. Exhausting 21. Vì chưng you know of any actual cases of this happening? A. False B. Untrue C. Hypothetical D. Imitate 22. One by one, the stars appeared in the sky. A vanished B. Blossomed C. Broke out D. Performed 23. My cousin tends to look on the bright side in any circumstance. A. Be confident B. Be optimistic C. Be pessimistic D. Be smart 24. Their wedding buổi tiệc ngọt caused great disappointment but at least there was sufficient food for everyone. A. Worthless B. Inadequate C. Satisfying D. Unpleasant 25. In many countries, military service is obligatory. A. Encouraged B. Compulsory C. Voluntary D. Mandatory 26. Henry has found a temporary job in a factory. A. Genuine B. Permanent C. Eternal D. Satisfactory 27. Primary education in the United States is compulsory. A. Selective B. Optional C. Không tính phí of charge D. Required 28. I prefer secure jobs because I don’t like keeping on moving và changing all the time. A. Challenging B. Demanding C. Safe D. Stable 29. We couldn’t roller-skate or skateboard on the road because it was too rough. A. Far B. Bumpy C. Cold D. Smooth 30. Unless you water your indoor plants regularly và give them the necessary vitamins, you can’t expect them to look healthy. A. Front-door B. Outdoor C. Side-door D. Door 31. Travel insurance is sometimes mistaken for temporary health insurance, but the two are actually different. A. Transitory B. Passing C. Mutable D. Permanent 32. Although they hold similar political views, their religious beliefs present a striking contrast. A. Interesting resemblance B. Complete coincidence C. Significant difference D. Minor comparison 33. Mr. Smith’s new neighbors appear to lớn be very friendly. A. Hostile B. Nice C. Aware D. Popular 34. You can certainly set up a partnership with him as he is trustworthy. A. Unreliable B. Indispensable C. Unfavourable D. Independent 35. Inadequate supply of oxygen to the blood can cause death within minutes. A. Non-existent B. Sufficient C. Rich D. Useful 36. I would be happy khổng lồ go along with the idea. A. Disagree with the idea B. Agree with the idea
C. Tư vấn the idea D. Approve with the idea 37. The thieves hid their precious possession in the well. A. Priceless B. Worthless C. Valuable D. Invaluable 38. “That is a well-behaved boy whose behaviour has nothing lớn complain about.” A. Behaving nice B. Behaving cleverly C. Good behaviour D. Behaving improperly 39. Last year, the rush hour delayed our trip to the airport & as a result, we had to change our flight. A. A time of the year when people don’t lượt thích shopping B. An hour in the afternoon when people vì not travel on the road C. An hour in the morning when the traffic is easy D. A time during each day when traffic is at its easiest 40. Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity. A. Cover B. Conserve C. Presume D. Reveal 41. However, how to make full use of these sources of energy is a question for researchers all over the world. A. Complete B. Imperfect C. Partial D. Hungry 42. My little daughter would spend an inordinate amount of time in the shop, deciding which goods she was going to buy. A. Excessive B. Limited C. Required D. Abundant 43. This new magazine is known for its comprehensive coverage of news. A. Casual B. Superficial C. Indifferent D. Inadequate 44. During the five-decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects. A. Holding at B. Holding back C. Encouraging D. Pushing up 45. Their classmates are writing letters of acceptance, A. Agreement B. Admission C. Refusal D. Confirmation 46. He was not afraid to pet the gentle dog, even though it was very big. A. Dirty B. Cold C. Calm D. Fierce 47. I can’t stand people who treat animals cruelly. A. Cleverly B. Gently C. Reasonably D. Brutally 48. Harry displays enthusiasm whenever he is posed with a problem. A. Eagerness B. Weakness C. Indifference D. Softness 49. We strongly believe that he’s innocent of the crime. We vì chưng not think that he did it. A. Crimeless B. Skillful C. Clean D. Guilty 50. Chinese & French have been made optional second foreign languages at some language universities in Vietnam. A. Compulsory B. Important C. Comfortable D. Necessary 51. Her health has improved dramatically since she met that doctor. A. Become quicker B. Become better C. Become slower D. Become worse 52. Computer games are a source of pleasure to lớn some young people. A. Sadness B. Truth C. Happiness D. Belief53. Young birds are quite vulnerable when their predators attack them. A. Safe B. Gentle C. Aware D. Frightened 54. The new policy has brought about substantial changes khổng lồ the country. A. Essential B. Dangerous C. Fast D. Small 55. The drainage of wetlands may lead lớn natural habitat destruction. A. Exploration B. Damage C. Water filling D. Change 56. It is the island’s cultural diversity that makes it unique. A. Beauty B. Abundance C. Movement D. Similarity 57. The most energetic athletes participated in the westling competition last month. A. Weak B. Cheerful C. Enthusiastic D. Worried 58. Those goods are imported directly from Thailand, so their prices are cheaper. A. Reported B. Exported C. Deported D. Comported 59. The soldiers stood solemnly when the president passed by them. A. Cheerfully B. Impressively C. Carefully D. Passively 60. This sentence has some figurative meanings & it is hard lớn understand it fully. A. Integral B. Literal C. External D. Federal 61. The coming exams caused her a lot of distress and exhaustion. A. Worry B. Kích hoạt C. Ease D. Doubt 62. The doctors try their best to save the wounded man. Unfortunately. He could not survive. A. Ultimately B. Definitely C. Unbelievably D. Luckily 63. You should not wear casual clothes when coming lớn a job interview. A. Vital B. Normal C. Formal D. Total 64. All characters in his novel were imaginary và they were created by himself. A. Scary B. Real C. Ugly D. Illusory 65. Don’t eat that stale bread. You may have a stomach ache. A. Bad B. Fresh C. Old D. Mild 66. The little girl used khổng lồ feel carefree with her family before moving khổng lồ the new place. A. Relaxed B. Tired C. Happy D. Worried 67. The differences in the test’s results have caused discord among the students in the class. A. Harmony B. Disagreement C. Noise D. Uncertainty 68. Some young people had a discourteous attitude towards the MC at the party, which made him unhappy. A. Indifferent B. Sociable C. Impolite D. Respectful 69. The hero had united all the people around him, và then they headed for the battlefield. A. Divided B. Gathered C. Altered D. Displayed 70. A lot of young people were standing outside the hall waiting for their idol to come out. A. Someone they loved B. Someone they hated C. Someone they feared D. Someone they left 71. I would rather you stopped childish behaviour. A. Silly B. Active C. Sensible D. Abstract72. The singer refused to tell the reporters about her past. A. Denied B. Regretted C. Hoped D. Agreed 73. The lady still keeps her old- fashioned purse as it was a present from her grandmother. A. Ancient B. Modem C. Realistic D. Vital 74. Infinite crowds of people followed the procession lớn the square. A. Limited B. Successive C. Chaotic D. Substantial 75. How could you make a reckless phản hồi on her post? A. Thoughtful B. Thoughtless C. Helpful D. Helpless 76. Vì you believe in eternal friendship in which the friends never betray one another? A. Temporary B. Lasting C. Potential D. Suitable 77. He is a broad-minded man who always listens to lớn other people’s advice. A. Lively B. Faithful C. Nervous D. Stubborn 78. City life always creates an unpleasant feeling of noise and pollution. A. Fuss B. Cry C. Silence D. Image 79. The truck gradually vanished in the dense fog. A. Departed B. Disappeared C. Revolved D. Appeared 80. We received a convivial welcome from the villagers, which made us feel at home. A. Cheerful B. Unfriendly C. Hospitable D. Comfortable 81. How much will it be if we subtract the transport costs? A. Enter B. Exclude C. Add D. Find 82. He was a brave man who fought against the gangsters lớn protect the girl. A. Lively B. Lonely C. Friendly D. Cowardly 83. The decline in the national economy led khổng lồ the recession in the country that year. A. Transmission B. Improvement C. Attrition D. Exchange 84. He was once a benevolent man who gave a lot khổng lồ charities. A. Selfish B. Generous C. Innocent D. Knowledgeable 85. The captain ordered the soldiers khổng lồ gather on the double, even though they were sleeping. A. Intensively B. Increasingly C. Hesitantly D. Immediately 86. Some volunteers go lớn remote areas to lớn teach illiterate people. A. Knowing how lớn read và write B. Not knowing how lớn read or write C. Not knowing how lớn find the ways D. Not knowing how to drive a oto 87. Vày you know where the entrance to this building? A. Exit B. Gate C. Balcony D. Hall 88. I find it incomprehensible that they didn’t choose that excellent girl for the job. A. Impossible B. Irritable C. Understandable D. Accessible 89. The heavy traffic prevented me from going khổng lồ work on time this morning. A. Quick B. Much C. Light D. High 90. The old lady suffered a mental health problem after her illness. A. Physical B. Digital C. Central D. Cultural 91. She made a futile attempt to escape from the kidnappers và was captured again.A. Thoughtless B. Defensive C. Unexpected D. Successful 92. The more crowded a population is, the more energy they consume. A. Save B. Use C. Spend D. Grow 93. There is a shallow lake near the village where the children can swim. A. Dirty B. Large C. Long D. Deep 94. Don’t believe him. He is quite deceitful. A. Honest B. Clever C. Grateful D. Hostile 95. During the Lunar New Year, people always wish their friends or relatives health, happiness, và prosperity. A. Richness B. Poverty C. Danger D. Anxiety 96. The main drawback of the project is its expense. A. Potential B. Advantage C. Velocity D. Durability 97. His debts have been accumulating for the last few years. A. Increasing B. Strengthening C. Decreasing D. Celebrating 98. Optimists always look on the bright side of a problem. A. Socialists B. Novelists C. Artists D. Pessimists 99. This complicated problem can’t be solved within a few days. A. Complex B. Simple C. Unimportant D. Secret 100. They were determined khổng lồ resist without surrendering until the end. A. Limit B. Submit C. Struggle D. Promise 101. They are launching a chiến dịch to promote awareness of environmental issues. A. Encourage B. Publicize C. Hinder D. Strengthen 102. Allow me to fill your glass. A. Remake B. Empty C. Refill D. Repeat 103. He is over the moon about his examination result. A. Stressed B. Very sad C. Very happy D. Satisfied 104. The only means of access lớn the station is through a dark subway. A. Arrival B. Admission C. Outlet D. Output 105. They protested about the inhumane treatment of the prisoners. A. Vicious B. Warm-hearted C. Callous D. Cold-blooded 106. She performed all her duties conscientiously. She didn’t give enough care lớn her work. A. Irresponsibly B. Liberally C. Responsibly D. Insensitively 107. Their classmates are writing letters of acceptance. A. Agree B. Confirmation C. Refusal D. Admission 108. This boy is poorly-educated and doesn’t know how khổng lồ behave properly. A. Ignorant B. Uneducated C. Knowledgeable D. Rude 109. Urbanization is the shift of people moving from rural to urban areas, và the result is the growth of cities. A. Transposition B. Maintenance C. Variation D. Movement 110. The Vietnamese consider it rude to interrupt a person while he is talking.A. Bad mannered B. Polite C. Uneducated D. Ignorant 111. After their long-standing conflict had been resolved, the two families decided to bury the hatchet. A. Become enemies B. Become friends C. Give up weapons D. Reach an agreement 112. Remember not khổng lồ show your nervousness during a job interview. A. Confidence B. Anxiety C. Challenge D. Creativeness 113. She was unhappy that she lost contact with a lot of her old friends when she went abroad lớn study. A. Lost control of B. Put in charge of C. Made room for D. Got in touch with 114. The people at the buổi tiệc ngọt were busy playing some games. A. Doing something B. Không tính tiền C. Eager D. Making something 115. But what the most prevents women from reaching the boardroom, say bosses và head-hunters, is lack of hands-on experience of a firm’s bộ vi xử lý core business. A. Unavailable B. Untested C. Impractical D. Insignificant 116. Nowadays, it was rather easy lớn buy a modem TV, và it does pack a punch lớn bring to life some really awesome visuals. A. Have little effect on something. B. Make bad things happen. C. Prevent something from coming into use D. Produce the results that aren’t intended 117. The Red Cross is an international humanitarian agency dedicated to reducing the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians and prisoners of war. A. Happiness B. Loss C. Sadness D. Pain và sorrow 118. He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May. A. Rudeness B. Measurement C. Encouragement D. Politeness 119. John was so insubordinate that he lost his job in one week. A. Understanding B. Fresh C. Obedient D. Disobedient 120. Hundreds of people have become jobless when the foreign president of the company left the country secretly. A. Employed B. Busy C. Unemployed D. Highly-paid 121. A mediocre student who gets low grades will have trouble getting into an Ivy League College. A. Excellent B. Lazy C. Average D. Moronic 122. The cửa hàng assistant has to lớn break off the conversation to lớn serve a customer. A. Interrupt B. Hurry C. Continue D. Begin 123. Population growth rates vary among regions và even among countries within the same region. A. Restrain B. Stay unchanged C. Remain unstable D. Fluctuate 124. All children can attend without paying fees at state schools. A. Primary schools B. Secondary schools C. High schools D. Independent schools 125. The doctor asked John to lớn exhale slowly. A. Imhale B. Move in C. Enter D. Breathe in126. A chronic lack of sleep may make us irritable and reduce our motivation to lớn work. A. Calm B. Uncomfortable C. Miserable D. Responsive 127 He found the course difficult so he had to spend most of his time on study. A. Memorable B. Easy C. Interesting D. Hard 128. Because Jack defaulted on his loan, the ngân hàng took him to court A. Failed to pay B. Paid in full C. Had a bad personality D. Was paid much money 129. In the final match between Liverpool & Manchester United, viewers witnessed the deadly strike’s 11th goal of the season. A. Mortal B. Unhealthy C. Lethal D. Immortal 130. His career in the illicit drug trade ended with the police raid this morning. A. Elicited B. Irregular C. Secret D. Legal 131. Your experience with oil well fires will be invaluable to lớn the company in case of trouble A. Precious B. Priceless C. Important D. Worthless 132. A thrifty buyer chases fruits và vegetables in season. A. Professional B. Economical C. Careful D. Extravagant 133 An employer must be very careful in dealing with subordinates & documenting their files in order lớn avoid complaints. A. Bosses B. Coordinators C. Outside help D. Employees 134. My friend and his soccer coach are incompatible. They are always arguing. A. Too different to work together B. Almost exactly the same type C. Really disliking each other D. Getting on very well 135. The motorist felt that the ticket for infraction was unwarranted. A. Conscientious B. Justified C. Inadvertent D. Inevitable 136. Lakes occupy less than two per cent of the Earth’s surface, yet they help sustain life. A. Prolong B. Obstruct C. Support D. Destr